GRAMMAR GUIDE

 

Hands up for fun grammar lessons!

Grammar Guide

For children aged 5 to 9

FUN AND EFFECTIVE GRAMMAR TEACHING

Grammar is the next stage after Jolly Phonics. It provides easy to use resources for the systematic teaching of spelling, grammar, punctuation and vocabulary for the next four years at school.

• Systematic teaching of spelling, grammar, punctuation and vocabulary with step-by-step

   lesson plans

• Enhances and improves children’s spelling, punctuation and grammar

• Enables children to develop accuracy and expression in their writing

• Uses colours and actions to help children identify parts of speech in sentences

• Packed with fun games and activities to teach essential grammar concepts

• Continues to revise and extend children’s phonic knowledge

• Teaching is multi-sensory and active

Spelling rules

Punctuation

Parts of speech

Dictionary use

The tenses: past, present & future

Each year of teaching provides continuous revision and consolidation of topics taught in previous years, enabling children to spell and punctuate more accurately, use a wider vocabulary and have a clear understanding of how language works.

Grammar 1 age 5-6

• Proper adjectives, nouns acting as adjectives, collective nouns

• Pronouns - possessive/subject and object

• The present participle and continuous tenses

• Paragraphs

• Subject and object in a sentence

• Conjunctions

• Questions and exclamations in speech

• Nouns acting as concrete/abstract/possessives

• The present participle as an adjective

• Onomatopoeia

• Clauses/independent clauses

• Agreements

• Hyphens

• Sentence writing - statements & questions, compound sentences

• Nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs

• Vowel digraphs

• Alternative spellings of vowels

• Plural endings

• Short vowels and consonant doubling

• Consonant blends

• Develop basic sentence structure

• Alphabet order

• Irregular verbs, possessive adjectives, conjunctions, prepositions

• Parsing

• Comparatives and superlatives

• Dictionary & thesaurus skills

• Expand punctuation skills

• Silent letters

• Syllables

• New spelling rules and patterns introduced

• Improve sentence structure

 

Grammar 2 age 6-7

Grammar 3 age 7-8 Grammar 4 age 8-9

 

TEACH WITH OUR GRAMMAR RESOURCES

Use The Grammar Handbooks or the write-in Grammar Pupil Books to teach grammar, spelling and punctuation concepts.

Other products that can be used in conjunction include the Jolly Dictionary, Jolly Grammar Big Books, Jolly Phonics Cards, Jolly Phonics Puppets and the Jolly Phonics Alternative Spelling & Alphabet Posters.

Teach

Practise

Use

Revisit and review

Broaden

 

The Grammar Handbooks provide photocopiable sheets which can be given to each child in the class. Clear, detailed teaching plans are provided for each lesson.

Each part of speech has a colour and action

Notepad shows materials needed for this lesson:

FromThe Grammar 1 Big Book

From The Grammar 1 Handbook

Alternatively, the write-in Grammar Pupil Books can be given to each child in the class, to complete a range of fun exercises. The Teacher’s Book provides corresponding guidance and ideas for the teacher.

 

From The Grammar 1 Pupil Book

From The Grammar 1 Teacher’s Book

A typical grammar or spelling lesson includes:

• Aim - lesson objective

• Introduction - revision of previous topics taught

• Main point - tips and ideas how to teach new topic

• Grammar sheet - guidance on how children should complete the sheet

• Extension activity - suggestions on how to reinforce the teaching

• Rounding off - go over the sheet with children, reviewing their answers

For whole class teaching, the Grammar Big Books can be used to introduce key elements of grammar. These correspond to the teaching in The Grammar Handbooks and Grammar Pupil Books.

 

From Grammar Big Book 1

Aim: continue to reinforce and extend grammar, punctuation and vocabulary skills

Consolidate: verbs (continuous tenses) • adjectives • subject/object • homophones

• antonyms • synonyms • phrases and sentences

 

Extend parts of speech: refine verbs (identify/rewrite 6 tenses/infinitive)

• nouns (concrete/abstract/possessives and possessive plurals/noun phrases)

• present participle as an adjective • comparative and superlatives (more/less)

• grammatical person

 

PROGRESSION CHART

GRAMMAR, PUNCTUATION AND VOCABULARY SKILLS

Meets the programme of YEAR

Kgn.

Grade 1/P2

Grade 2/P3

Grade 3/P4

Grade 4/P5 Jolly Phonics Grammar 1

Grammar 2

Grammar 3

Grammar 4

Aim: to enable children to write freely and become independent readers

  • Introduce the 5 skills: 42 letter sounds • letter formation • blending (reading)

       • segmenting (writing) • tricky words

 

Building fluency: letter sounds, words (CVC/digraphs/blends/longer/tricky), short phrases, simple sentences, model writing, comprehension activities, decodable readers

 

Aim: consolidate previous learning and introduce essential grammar, punctuation and writing skills

Introduce parts of speech: nouns (proper/common; ‘a’ or ‘an’, plurals -s and -es)

• personal pronouns • verbs (simple tenses; past, present, future) • adjectives• adverbs •       parsing

Introduce: punctuation (speech marks; question marks, plus question words),

Aim: continue to reinforce and extend grammar, punctuation and vocabulary skills

Consolidate: parts of speech introduced in grammar 1 • parsing • alphabet, dictionary and vocabulary skills (dictionaries, word webs, thesauruses, expanding sentences)

Extend parts of speech: refine proper nouns (months/days); plurals (irregular; -y words/-ys & -ies) • adverbs (not just -ly) • verbs (‘tricky’ pasts) • adjectives (comparatives and superlatives)

Aim: continue to reinforce and extend grammar, punctuation and vocabulary skills

Consolidate: verbs (simple tenses; to be; -ing) • nouns/tricky plurals • comparatives/ superlatives • adverbs • pronouns • suffixes/prefixes • homophones • speech marks

• contractions

Extend parts of speech: refine proper nouns (places) • verbs (future ‘to be’; -y verbs/-ys & -ies; present participle; continuous tenses) • proper adjectives

• nouns (acting as adjectives/collective) • pronouns (object/possessive)

Extend dictionary/vocabulary skills: suffixes (-al), prefixes and root words • onomatopoeia

Extend punctuation/sentence writing: statements and questions (identify/change)

• compound sentences • clauses/independent clauses • agreements • hyphens

 

Extend phonic knowledge (for reading): short vowels and doubling, ck & y as /ee/ alternativevowel spellings • new spellings: ph, soft c & g, air, ear, are for /air/

Introduce pre-dictionary skills: learning letter names • capital letters • alphabet order vocabulary skills (syllables, compound words; opposites/antonyms; word webs/synonyms; thesaurus skills)

Consolidate: pre-dictionary skills (letter names, capitals, alphabet, but now with focus on alphabet order (sorting 3 letters/words starting with same letter) and colour-coding

Extend: refine definition of sentence (capital, makes sense, ends in either a full stop or aquestion mark) • dictionaries (meaning and spelling; dictionary games to build fluency)

Introduce new parts of speech: possessive adjectives (my, our) • irregular verb (to be)• conjunctions • prepositions

Introduce dictionary/vocabulary skills: alphabet order (words with same first 2/3 letters)

• suffixes (-ing: verbs; -er/-est: comparatives and superlatives) • prefixes (un-, dis-, mis-, im-)

• homophones • proofreading (spelling/punctuation mistakes in sentences/story)

Introduce punctuation/sentence writing: commas in lists/speech • apostrophe (possessionand contraction) • refine sentence definition (must contain a verb and end with . ? or !)

Extend dictionary/vocabulary skills: syllables (split words in text) • long/short vowel marks• suffixes (-less/-full; -ly adverbs; -y: adjectives)

Extend punctuation/sentence writing: paragraphs • refine sentence definition (must have asubject and may have an object) • phrases and sentences (distinguish/expand)view sample lessons online.

 

The Grammar Handbooks

Giving you 4 years of teaching plans and guidance!

• Full of practical advice and ideas

• 36 spelling lessons - 1 per week

• 36 structured grammar and punctuation lessons - 1 per week

• Photocopiable activities

• Fun actions for the grammar points

• 218 pages

Each Grammar Handbook provides a year’s worth of lessons covering grammar, spelling and punctuation. They have a similar format to The Phonics Handbook, with photocopiable activities, and also include actions for each area of grammar.

Revision and extension of The Phonics Handbook

Vowel digraphs

Alternative spellings of vowel sounds

Plural endings

Short vowels and consonant doubling

Tricky words

Consonant blends

Nouns - proper/common/plurals

Personal pronouns

Verbs

Conjugating verbs - present/past/future

Adjectives and adverbs

a/an/the - when to use

Sentences - capital letters, periods and speech marks

Parsing - identifying the partsof speech in sentences

Alphabetical order

 

Continues to introduce new grammar elements

Revision of elements covered in The Grammar Handbook 1

New spelling patterns - ei,eigh, ture

Silent letters - b, c, h, k, w

Syllables

Identifying the short vowels

Spelling rules - consonant doubling and adding suffixes

Tricky word families

Further adjectives - possessive

Comparatives and superlatives

Prepositions

Conjunctions

Dictionary/thesaurus skills work

Punctuation

Exclamation marks

Apostrophes

Further sentence development

Continues to introduce new grammar elements

Revision of elements covered in The Grammar Handbooks 1 & 2

New spelling patterns - tch, dge,ure, gn, gh, ex, n for /ng/, s, seand ze for /z/, a for /ar/, y for /i/,a for /o/, ere for /air/, and eer andere for /ear/

Suffixes - ‘less’, ‘able’ and ‘ful’

Proper adjectives

Nouns acting as adjectives

Collective nouns

Pronouns - possessive/subject

and object

The present participle and the continuous tenses

Paragraphs

Subject and object in a sentence

Conjunctions

Questions and exclamations in speech

Continues to introduce new grammar elements

 

Revision of elements covered in The Grammar Handbooks 1, 2 & 3

New spelling patterns - nch,se for /s/, ve for /v/, or for /er/,ear for /er/, u for long /oo/, gh, ough, augh, ive for /iv/ and stfor /s/

Nouns acting as concrete/abstract/possessives

The present participle as an adjective

Onomatopoeia

Clauses/independent clauses

Agreements

Hyphens

Sentence writing - statements & questions, compound sentences

Antonyms and synonyms

Homophones

Root words, prefixes and suffixes

 

Grammar Big Books - Ideal for whole class teaching!

Ideal accompaniments to The Grammar Handbooks, these big books are used to introduce keyelements of grammar to the whole class in a fun and engaging way.

• 12 topics covered in each book

• Wipe-clean plastic sheet for activities and handwriting practice

• Corresponds to teaching in The Grammar Handbooks

• Clear guidance for teachers

• Full colour illustrations for exploring topics

• 24 pages

• The alphabet

• Proper nouns

• Common nouns

• Short vowel sounds

• Plurals

• Pronouns

• Verbs

• Adjectives

• Compound words

• Adverbs

• Speech marks

• Parsing

• Commas

• Exclamation marks

• Using a dictionary

• Regular/irregular past tense

• Conjugating verbs

• Parsing

• Conjunctions

• Plurals – ies/s

• Apostrophe use

• Prepositions

• Comparatives and superlatives

• Prefixes and suffixes

 

Grammar Big Book 1, Grammar Big Book 2

The award-winning Jolly Dictionary complements the Grammar books and is designedto teach children how to look up and understand words they don’t know. Divided into 4coloured sections (matches the Alphabet Poster) to help children learn how to find their way throughthe dictionary easily. A unique pronunciation guide is given for each of the 6,000+ age-appropriatewords. The definitions have been carefully written so that children find them easy to read. 340 pages.

Jolly Dictionary (paperback edition), (hardback edition)

 

GRAMMAR RESOURCES

Grammar Write-in Books - Provide structured weekly lessonsplus activities in spelling and grammar to enable children to develop key comprehension and writing skills.

Grammar 1 Pupil Book

• Corresponds to the topics covered in Grammar 1

• Follows on from the Phonics Pupil Books 1, 2 & 3

• Structured lessons and activities for one year

• Handwriting exercises

• Progression from the 5 key skills to alternative spellings, sentence structure independent writing, spelling & comprehension

Grammar 1 Teacher’s Book

• Accompanies Book 1

• Provides detailed lesson guides for each corresponding page in Grammar Pupil Book 1

• Extensive introduction on the teaching methods used

• Includes teaching ideas for spelling and grammar

 

• Accompanies Book 2

• Provides detailed lesson guides for each corresponding page in Grammar Pupil Book 2

• Extensive introduction on the teaching methods used

• Includes teaching ideas for spelling and grammar

 

Grammar 2 Pupil Book, Grammar 2 Teacher’s Book

mother  o h r m t e 

father a h r f t e

Silent ‹b›

Write some silent ‹b› words in the lamb.

Choose a word from the list to fit each sentence.

I my hair every morning.

A baby sheep is called a .

The girls were the tree.

There are cake on the table.

LIST

shin

bench

lam

com

thum

crumb s

plum er

clim ing

mother

father 

Write the alphabet in capital and lower-case letters. A a

• Corresponds to the topics covered in Grammar 2

• Follows on from the Grammar Pupil Book 1

• Structured lessons and activities for one year

• Teach new spelling patterns

• Develop dictionary and thesaurus skills

• Improve vocabulary and comprehension

• Sentence structure and independent writing

 

Teacher's Book 3

Introduction

For ease of use, this Teacher’s Book has been divided into two distinct parts. The first part gives a comprehensive introduction, which explains the teaching method in detail. It is a good idea to read this part of the Teacher’s Book before using the Grammar 2 Pupil and Teacher’s Books in the classroom. The second part of the Teacher’s Book provides a thorough and structured lesson plan for each day of teaching. The lesson plans in this part of the book are designed specifically for use with the corresponding pages in the Grammar 2 Pupil Book.

The Grammar 2 Pupil and Teacher’s Books are designed to follow on from the Grammar 1 Pupil and Teacher’s Books. They are intended to:

• introduce new elements of grammar,

• teach new spelling patterns systematically,

• develop dictionary and thesaurus skills,

• improve vocabulary and comprehension, and

• reinforce the teaching in the Grammar 1 Pupil and Teacher’s Books.

Like the activities in the Jolly Phonics and Grammar 1 Pupil Books, the teaching in the Grammar 2 Pupil Book is multisensory and active.

In the Grammar 2 Pupil Book, particular emphasis is placed on consolidating the children’s learning and helping them to apply their new skills. The children are also introduced to new spelling patterns and parts of speech. As before in the Grammar 1 Pupil Book, each part of speech is introduced with an accompanying action and colour. The actions not only enliven the teaching, but also make the parts of speech easier for the children to remember. The colours, which are useful when identifying and labelling parts of speech in sentences, are the same as those used in Montessori Schools.

The Grammar 2 Teacher’s Book explains all the essential teaching ideas. The Pupil and Teacher’s Books can be used alone, or alongside the Grammar 2 Big Book, which provides valuable additional support.

Children’s Achievement

The most dramatic improvements to result from using the Grammar 2 Pupil and Teacher’s Books will be found in the children’s writing. After completing the Grammar 2 Pupil Book, the children will spell and punctuate more accurately, use a wider vocabulary, and have a clearer understanding of how language works.

In their first year at school, Jolly Phonics Pupil Books teach the children to write independently, by listening for the sounds in words and choosing letters to represent the sounds.

This skill enables the children to write pages of news and stories. It is a joy to read their work

Part 1

Each of the Grammar 1 & 2 Pupil Book contains a year’s worth of lessons, with support for teachers in the Grammar 1 & 2 Teacher’s Books. These books can be given to each child in the class and provideactivities to practise spelling, punctuation, comprehension skills and independent writing.